Preface    Peter Catapanop. ix
On Existence
The Meaningfulness of Lives    Todd Mayp. 3
There Is No Theory of Everything    Simon Critchleyp. 8
The Light at the End of Suffering    Peg O'Connorp. 16
Being There: Heidegger on Why Our Presence Matters    Lawrence Bergerp. 22
Against Invulnerability    Todd Mayp. 28
Why Life Is Absurd    Rivka Weinbergp. 33
A Life Beyond "Do What You Love"    Gordon Marinop. 41
On Human Nature
Evolution and Our Inner Conflict    Edward O. Wilsonp. 47
Learning How to Die in the Anthropocene    Roy Scrantonp. 52
Is Pure Altruism Possible?    Judith Lichtenbergp. 59
Moral Camouflage or Moral Monkeys?    Peter Railtonp. 64
How Should We Respond to "Evil"?    Steven Paulikasp. 69
The Moral Logic of Survivor Guilt    Nancy Shermanp. 74
How to Live Without Irony    Christy Wampolep. 79
Deluded Individualism    Firmin DeBrabanderp. 85
On Morality
The Dangers of Happiness    Carl Cederströmp. 91
Are We Ready for a "Morality Pill"?    Peter Singer and Agata Saganp. 95
Why Our Children Don't Think There Are Moral Facts    Justin P. McBrayerp. 98
Morals Without God?    Frans de Waalp. 103
The Dangers of Certainty: A Lesson From Auschwitz    Simon Critchleyp. 112
Confessions of an Ex-Moralist    Joel Marksp. 118
The Maze of Moral Relativism    Paul Boghossianp. 124
Can Moral Disputes Be Resolved?    Alex Rosenbergp. 129
Moral Dispute or Cultural Difference?    Carol Rovanep. 134
On Religion
Navigating Past Nihilism    Sean D. Kellyp. 141
Does It Matter Whether God Exists?    Gary Guttingp. 147
Good Minus God    Louise M. Antonyp. 151
Pascal's Wager 2.0    Gary Guttingp. 158
The Sacred and the Humane    Anat Biletzkip. 162
Why God Is a Moral Issue    Michael Rusep. 168
The Rigor of Love    Simon Critchleyp. 172
God Is a Question, Not an Answer    William Irwinp. 178
What's Wrong with Blasphemy?    Andrew F. Marchp. 182
On Government
Questions for Free-Market Moralists    Amia Srinivasanp. 191
Is Our Patriotism Moral?    Gary Guttingp. 197
The Irrationality of Natural Life Sentences    Jennifer Lackeyp. 200
Spinoza's Vision of Freedom, and Ours    Steven Nadlerp. 205
If War Can Have Ethics, Wall Street Can, Too    Nathaniel B. Davisp. 211
The Moral Hazard of Drones    John Kaag and Sarah Krepsp. 216
Reasons for Reason    Michael P. Lynchp. 222
On Citizenship
The Morality of Migration    Seyla Benhabibp. 229
What DO We Owe Each Other?    Aaron James Wendlandp. 234
Can Refugees Have Human Rights?    Omri Boehmp. 240
Dependents of the State    Amia Srinivasanp. 245
Is Voting Out of Self-interest Wrong?    Gary Cuttingp. 252
On Violence
Philosophizing with Guns    Simone Gublerp. 257
A Crack in the Stoic's Armor    Nancy Shermanp. 261
Who Needs a Gun?    Gary Guttingp. 265
The Freedom of an Armed Society    Firmin DeBrabanderp. 268
Is American Nonviolence Possible?    Todd Mayp. 273
On Race
Walking While Black in the "White Gaze"    George Yancyp. 281
Race, Truth and Our Two Realities    Chris Lebronp. 287
Getting Past the Outrage on Race    Gary Guttingp. 292
Philosophy's Western Bias    Justm E. H. Smithp. 295
Dear White America    George Yancyp. 300
Of Cannibals, Kings and Culture: The Problem of Ethnocentricity    Adam Etinsonp. 306
What, to the Black American, Is Martin Luther King Jr. Day?    Chris Lebronp. 311
Is Real Inclusiveness Possible?    Justin E. H. Smithp. 317
On Women
When Prostitution Is Nobody's Business    Laurie Shragep. 325
On Abortion and Defining a "Person"    Gary Guttingp. 331
Girlfriend, Mother, Professor?    Carol Hayp. 334
The Disappearing Women    Roe Langtonp. 340
A Feminist Kant    Carol Hayp. 343
On Family
Think Before You Breed    Christine Overallp. 351
Is Forced Fatherhood Fair?    Laurie Shragep. 356
"Mommy Wars" Redux: A False Conflict    Amy Allenp. 361
The End of "Marriage"    Laurie Shragep. 366
My Parents' Mixed Messages on the Holocaust    Jason Stanleyp. 372
On Eating
The Meat Eaters    Jeff McMahanp. 379
If Peas Can Talk, Should We Eat Them?    Michael Marderp. 387
When Vegans Won't Compromise    Bob Fischer and James McWilliamsp. 390
The Enigma of Animal Suffering    Rhys Southanp. 395
On the Future
Is Humanity Getting Better?    Leif Wenarp. 403
Should This Be the Last Generation?    Peter Singerp. 409
What Do We Owe the Future?    Patricia L. Vieira and Michael Marderp. 412
The Importance of the Afterlife. Seriously    Samuel Schefflerp. 415
Accepting the Past, Facing the Future    Todd Mayp. 419
Acknowledgmentsp. 423
Contributorsp. 425